January 30, by Eric James Anderson Writing a good book review is an art in and of itself, with the lofty goals of entertaining the reader, offering thoughtful opinions on the value of the book, and backing those opinions up with careful analysis. Book reviews are also an effective assignment for teachers who want their students to learn the skills of reading. It can help students focus on comprehension and critical thinking. Or maybe you are a graduate student trying to assess the breadth of existing research in your field and you want to do a better job reviewing the literature while you read it.
Public punishment of adulterers in Venice, 17th century Susannah accused of adultery, by Antoine Coypel The term adultery refers to sexual acts between a married person and someone who is not that person's spouse.
For instance, in the United Kingdom, adultery is not a criminal offense, but is a ground for divorce with the legal definition of adultery being "physical contact with an alien and unlawful organ".
The application of the term to the act appears to arise from the idea that "criminal intercourse with a married woman Some adultery laws differentiate based on the sex of the participants, and as a result such laws are often seen as discriminatory, and in some jurisdictions they have been struck down by courts, usually on the basis that they discriminated against women.
Definitions and legal constructs[ edit ] Anne Boleyn was found guilty of adultery and treason and executed in There is controversy among historians as to whether she had actually committed adultery.
Although the legal definition of adultery differs in nearly every legal system, the common theme is sexual relations outside of marriage, in one form or another. Traditionally, many cultures, particularly Latin American ones, had strong double standards regarding male and female adultery, with the latter being seen as a much more serious violation.
InEnglish Lord Chief Justice John Holt stated that a man having sexual relations with another man's wife was "the highest invasion of property" and claimed, in regard to the aggrieved husband, that "a man cannot receive a higher provocation" in a case of murder or manslaughter.
For example, New York defines an adulterer as a person who "engages in sexual intercourse with another person at a time when he has a living spouse, or the other person has a living spouse. Blanchflowerit was held that female same-sex sexual relations did not constitute sexual intercourse, based on a definition from Webster's Third New International Dictionary ; and thereby an accused wife in a divorce case was found not guilty of adultery.
InVirginia prosecuted an attorney, John R. This became the name of the civil tort arising from adultery, being based upon compensation for the other spouse's injury. Another tort, alienation of affectionarises when one spouse deserts the other for a third person.
Polyamorymeaning the practice, desire, or acceptance of intimate relationships that are not exclusive with respect to other sexual or intimate relationships, with knowledge and consent of everyone involved, sometimes involves such marriages.
Swinging and open marriages are both a form of non-monogamyand the spouses would not view the sexual relations as objectionable. However, irrespective of the stated views of the partners, extra-marital relations could still be considered a crime in some legal jurisdictions which criminalize adultery.
In Canada, though the written definition in the Divorce Act refers to extramarital relations with someone of the opposite sex, a British Columbia judge used the Civil Marriage Act in a case to grant a woman a divorce from her husband who had cheated on her with another man, which the judge felt was equal reasoning to dissolve the union.
In the United Kingdom, case law restricts the definition of adultery to penetrative sexual intercourse between a man and a woman, no matter the gender of the spouses in the marriage, although infidelity with a person of the same gender can be grounds for a divorce as unreasonable behavior; this situation was discussed at length during debates on the Marriage Same-Sex Couples Bill.
It was a non-cognizable, non-bailable criminal offence, until the relevant law was overturned by the Supreme Court of India on 27 September Where adultery is illegal, the punishment varies from fines for example in the US state of Rhode Island  to caning in parts of Asia.
Sometimes such stonings are ordered by informal village leaders who have de facto power in the community. For instance it may constitute fault in countries where the divorce law is fault based or it may be a ground for tort.
In some societies the law punishes the "intruder", rather than the adulterous spouse. For instance art of the Penal Code of South Sudan reads: Legal issues regarding paternity[ edit ] Further information: Historically, paternity of children born out of adultery has been seen as a major issue.
Modern advances such as reliable contraception and paternity testing have changed the situation in Western countries. Most countries nevertheless have a legal presumption that a woman's husband is the father of her children who were born during that marriage. Children born out of adultery suffered, until recently, adverse legal and social consequences.
In Francefor instance, a law that stated that the inheritance rights of a child born under such circumstances were, on the part of the married parent, half of what they would have been under ordinary circumstances, remained in force untilwhen France was forced to change it by a ruling of the European Court of Human Rights ECtHR and inthe ECtHR also ruled that the new regulations must be also applied to children born before Inthe ECtHR ruled in favor of a German man who had fathered twins with a married woman, granting him right of contact with the twins, despite the fact that the mother and her husband had forbidden him from seeing the children.Book Review Writing Frame Templates (SB) Simple printable book review writing frames.
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With free PDFs. This website and its content is subject to our Terms and Conditions. Tes Global Ltd is registered in England (Company No ) with its registered office at 26 Red Lion Square London WC1R 4HQ/5(8). Title: Book Review Author: Publisher: Storyline: Word difficulty 3 box Too easy Just right Too hard What I liked best: What I didn’t like: Illustrations 3 box.